How to Value a Rhodes Piano Part 2: How to Determine the Condition of a Rhodes
As mentioned in the first half of this post, unserviced Rhodes pianos in comparable condition around the Chicago regional market vary from $500-1,200 and we can only assume that other markets are also saturated with this similar wide range or pricing. Unfortunately for the buyer, this range of prices does not usually reflect accurately the condition of the instrument itself. In order to make sure that the Rhodes is worth the asking price, it’s important to know what to look, feel, and listen for.
Here are the parts to look for in a Fender Rhodes:
The main reason that you find such a wide range of prices for Rhodes pianos being sold is that people don’t know what parts to look at or what to listen for in the instrument. Most of the parts will be easily accessible by lifting the vinyl lid and all of them will be accessible if you have a phillips screwdriver handy for removing the four screws that hold the wood harp bracket to its side supports.
The Keys & Action:
The action of the instrument is more than just the feel of the instrument and will also impact the harmonics and dynamic levels of the Rhodes. First play it softly and make sure that there are good dynamics in the bass and mid sections. Next, play it with some forte and make sure that it has the proper setup to achieve the classic Rhodes bark. From there, make sure that the volume of the notes across the keyboard are even when played with varying dynamics.
It is critical that the keys are as level as possible and that they have the proper amount of key dip. In ideal condition the keys will feel stable from left to right movement and feel buttery smooth when depressed. The textbook level of key dip should be 3/8-13/32″ deep for all keys. Unless the Rhodes was professionally setup, however, it is likely to be well outside of those margins which can cause the action to feel slow, stiff, loose or sluggish.
Simple action adjustments may only take a few hours but our full key bed setup can take more than 8 hours of service to achieve ideal action levels.
13/32″ Key Dip Block
The tines are what makes a Rhodes a Rhodes. These are the vibrating pieces of metal that are amplified by the electromagnetic pickups (analogous to the relationship between the strings and pickups of an electric guitar). When tines go bad in the low register their pitch will usually shift and in the upper register they will lose sustain (however, both of these problems could also be due other issues with the setup of the instrument). Most importantly tines should be completely free of rust.
Replacing tines can cost around $15-25 each.
Acceptable Clean Tines
Heavily Rusted Tines
Together with the tine the to like a tuning fork and the tone bar is mostly there to provide mass for the sustain of the tine. The tone bars are a great way to get a quick indication of the overall condition of a Rhodes. Corroded tone bars should not have a negative impact on tone but could be an indication that the Rhodes has been exposed to elements that have negatively affected other aspects of the instrument.
Re-plating the zinc finish on tone bars is possible for those who want a shiny new finish.
Healthy Tone Bars
Grommets are the small pieces of rubber in the center of the tone bar and suspend the tone bar so that a note can sustain and hold a consistant voice. When grommets start to age they harden and become loose in their sockets. Often their shape will hold the “memory” from years of pressure which can complicate the voicing process and can cause the voice to drift over time even after it has been setup. Grommets that look warped–especially ones that are pancaked under the washer–or grommets that are loose will definitely need to be replaced.
In the upper and lower registers, gently rock the tone bars from left to right to see if they are loose. These registers are the most prone to show the negative symptoms of bad grommets.
Grommet replacement requires completely re-voicing the Rhodes note-by-note and falls under our “the works” services.
Healthy Grommets (New from our friends at Retro Linear)
Either with a flashlight or by unscrewing the harp bracket (two screws on either end of the tone bars), check the hammer tips for grooves created from striking the tine. There should be no groove at all on the wood core tips in the uppermost register or it will be nearly impossible to voice well. Like the grommets. the rubber hammer tips should have been replaced at this point in a Rhodes’ lifetime. If you see cube shaped hammer tips sometimes with yellow and red paint on the hammer tips they are the originals and are likely to need replacement.
Hammer tips can be replaced on an as-needed basis but replacing them in full sets is the only way to get perfectly even voicing throughout the instrument. Complete sets usually take 2-3 hours.
Original (early cube) Hammers with Gooves
Wood Core Hammer Tips (Upper Register) with Grooves
Healthy (New) Hammer Tips
Sustain Pedal and Damper Felts:
If the owner has the sustain pedal, make sure you test it to make sure that it fits snuggly within the instrument and properly pulls the damper felts down sustaining any notes evenly. The damper felts only have one function: to dampen the note after the key is released. Pay close attention to their ability to dampen the bass notes with ease. Once again, grooves should be avoided but as long as all of the notes are dampened then they are functioning perfectly fine. Still, it is important to make sure that they aren’t completely warn down.
Notes that don’t dampen can be eliminated within a typical standard tuneup but if there are many faulty notes there may be other more critical issues with the Rhodes.
Bad Fraying Damper Felts
This is the factor where the originality of the parts has the most impact on the value of the instrument. Vintage instruments should be all original cosmetically or restored professionally to the original specs to hold their value over time. Small tears in the tolex covering the instrument may give it a Rhode-worn vintage look, but larger tears will decrease the value of the instrument. Likewise, check the logos and scripts to see if they have broken off or have been scratched or broken.
Tears in Tolex
The Rhodes Stage models should have four accessories to look for. Here’s the checklist: 1) four legs, 2) sustain pedal, 3) cross bars and knob, and 4) the case. All of these parts are critical to the instrument and can be very hard to replace.
Finding replacement parts can take time and costs can add up. Replacement case tops need to be custom fit to the Rhodes since cases vary up to 3/4″ in some instances.
Original Rhodes Accessories Including Legs Pouch and “Case Candy”
Side Note: “Case Candy” refers to any additional parts or memorabilia that originally came within an vintage instrument’s case and can significantly increase the value of the instrument for a collector. Originally, the Rhodes came with an owners manual and replacement tines that can increase the instrument’s value.
Ask Good Questions
Before shaking hands on a deal, or placing an offer or bid online, it’s important to learn as much as you can about the instrument and most importantly its upkeep over the years. Make sure that you have learned everything that you need to know about the instrument before shaking hands on a deal. Here are some good questions to get started:
- “How long have you owned this Rhodes?”
- “What issues have you had with it since you owned it?”
- “When was the last time it was professionally serviced?”
- “Have any of the parts been replaced? Has anything been modified or updated?”
Beware of sellers that claim “it was stored for the past ten years” as these pianos are just as likely to need service as pianos that were played for the past ten years. If a Rhodes has not been serviced in the past ten years it is more than likely that ‘the works’ is needed to get it back up to par. At this point in a Rhodes lifetime, there should be at least some restoration work in order to guarantee that it is playing at peak performance. Regular standard tuneups every one to four years can help prolong the instrument’s health and help the instrument maintain its value over time.